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Author Archives: Keyboard Banger

Network Byte Order

We need to know two of the basic data types in C language: char: smallest data type. Its size is at least 8 bits integer: Each basic data type (aka Arithmetic type specifier) can be further classified with one of ... Read More »

TCP/IP Encapsulation

– the combination of layering and packet switching gives encapsulation. – a TCP segment (or UDP datagram)  is encapsulated in an IP datagram which is encapsulated in a link frame – At the network layer, IP does not care what ... Read More »

The Principle of Packet Switching

Definitions for Packet Switching packet = self containing unit of information Switching = forwarding packets very quickly and efficiently. When the link is free, the packet is forwarded. When the link is busy, the forwarding is delayed. Flow = a ... Read More »

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